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Uploaded by Port of Long Beach

This presentation accompanies the "Clearance" lesson.

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1

Objective:

student will be able to calculate

the possibility of a ship’s

passage underneath the Gerald

Desmond bridge in the Port of

Long Beach.

Purpose:

• Proficiency on Algebra standards

• Proficiency on tests and quizzes

2

Algebra 1 Content Standards

1.0 Students identify and use the arithmetic properties of

subsets of integers and rational, irrational, and real

numbers… where applicable.

the validity of results, to justify each step of a procedure, and

to prove or disprove statements.

25.1 Students use properties of numbers to construct simple,

valid arguments (direct and indirect) for, or formulate

counterexamples to, claimed assertions.

whether the properties of the real number system and the

order of operations have been applied correctly at each step.

3

The Port of Long Beach

Bridge Background

Function/usage: Road bridge connects the Ports of

Long Beach and Los Angeles with the I-710.

Span: 5,134 Ft.

Built: 1968 (replacing the previous pontoon bridge)

Length: 1,053 feet long

Highest point: 250 feet

**** 157 feet of clearance above the water

5

The Challenge

• The primary channel leading to the

majority of offloading docks in the interior

of the Port of Long Beach is spanned by

the Gerald Desmond Bridge.

with plenty of clearance for shipping

vessels to pass underneath.

larger…and the ability for ships to pass

underneath is becoming impossible for

some ships.

6

The Challenge

a ship can pass under the

Gerald Desmond bridge given

the ship’s dimensions.

8

A typical ship’s dimensions:

Length – bow to stern

Width – widest part of the ship

Depth – height of the hull taken from the

lowest part under the water

9

A typical ship’s dimensions:

Length – bow to stern

Width – widest part of the ship

Depth – height of the hull

TEUs – amount of 20 foot containers the ship

holds 10

The

height of

the ship’s

tower

What is still needed to determine

the total height of the ship?

Length – bow to stern

Width – widest part of the ship

Depth – height of the hull

TEUs – amount of 20 foot containers

the ship holds

11

Let’s look at the height of the hull.

Length – bow to stern

Width – widest part of the ship

Depth – height of the hull

TEUs – amount of 20 foot containers the

ship holds 12

Depth – height of the hull

Under the water

Over the water

13

Depth – height of the hull

Under the water ≈ tower height

Over the water

14

Depth – height of the hull

Under the water ≈ tower height

Over the water

15

Therefore, the depth given is

approximately equal to the hull over

the water plus the height of the

tower.

16

Length – bow to stern

Width – widest part of the ship

Depth – height of the hull over water

plus height of tower

TEUs – amount of 20 foot containers

the ship holds 17

Length – bow to stern

Width – widest part of the ship

Depth – height of the hull over water plus

height of tower

TEUs –TEUs

amount– what

of 20isfoot

a TEU?

containers

the ship holds 18

What is a TEU? 8.6 feet

Twenty

Equivalent 8 feet

Units. 20 feet

Two of them make up the load on a

standard semi truck:

19

Now that we know the typical

dimensions of a ship,

Width – widest part of the ship

Depth – height of the hull over

water plus height of tower

TEUs – amount of 20 foot

containers the ship holds

Let’s calculate whether a ship

can pass under the Gerald

Desmond bridge.

20

Vessel # 1

Ship Hanjin Amsterdam

Length 279 meters

Width 40 meters

n i s

Depth 14 meters

gi v e

TEUs 5,618 atio n the

o r m l a t e

t i n f a l c u

W h a t o c t ?

d e d e i g h

n e e a l h

tot

21

Vessel # 1

Ship Hanjin Amsterdam

Length 279 meters

Width 40 meters

Depth 14 meters

TEUs 5,618

or how many

rows of TEUs

22

5 TEUs

14 meters

What is the height of a TEU?

8.6 feet

8 feet

20 feet

What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

= 43 feet

1 1 TEU

24

43 feet

14 meters

25

We now have feet and meters.

We cannot combine unlike terms,

so…..

feet:

14 meters 3.28 feet = 45.9

1 1 meter feet

the hull

45.9 feet

+ stacked cargo

43 feet

=

26

Depth of Height of the

the hull

45.9 feet

+ stacked cargo

43 feet

=

88.9 feet

Will it clear the Gerald Desmond

Bridge which has 157 feet of

clearance?

YES!

27

Vessel # 2

Ship Neptune Amber

Length 231 meters

Width 32.2 meters

Depth 12.5 meters

TEUs 2,314

28

Vessel # 2

6 TEUs

Depth

29

What is the height of a TEU?

8.6 feet

8 feet

20 feet

What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

= 51.6 feet

1 1 TEU

30

51.6 feet

12.5 meters

We now have feet and meters.

We cannot combine unlike terms,

so…

feet:

12.5 3.28 feet = 41 feet

meters 1 meter

1

Depth of Height of the

the hull

41 feet

+ stacked cargo

51.6 feet

=

32

Depth of Height of the

the hull

41 feet

+ stacked cargo

51.6 feet

=

92.6 feet

Will it clear the Gerald Desmond

Bridge which has 157 feet of

clearance?

YES!

33

Check for Understanding

Thumbs up or down:

1)To determine whether a ship will

pass under a bridge, the length of

the ship is needed.

2)When calculating the total height

of the TEUs, the number of TEUs

stacked above the ship’s rail

must be counted.

34

Vessel # 3

Your Turn:

Ship Zim Atlantic

Length 253.7 m

Width 32.2 m

Depth 19.2 m

TEUs 3,429

Work out the

problem in your

notes. Put the

total height on

your white board.

35

8 TEUs

19.2 meters

8.6 feet

8 feet

20 feet

What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

= 68.8 feet

1 1 TEU

37

68.8 feet

19.2 meters

38

We now have feet and meters.

We cannot combine unlike terms,

so…..

feet:

19.2 3.28 feet = 63 feet

meters 1 meter

1

Depth of Height of the

the hull

63 feet

+ stacked cargo

68.8 feet

=

39

Depth of Height of the

the hull

63 feet

+ stacked cargo

68.8 feet

=

131.8 feet

Will it clear the Gerald Desmond

Bridge which has 157 feet of

clearance?

YES!

40

Vessel # 4

Your turn again:

Ship MSC Texas Majuro

Length 321 m

Width 42.8 m

Depth 20.2 m

TEUs 8,238

Work out the

problem in your

notes. Put the

total height on

your white board.

41

8 TEUs

20.2 meters

We now have feet and meters.

We cannot combine unlike terms,

so…

feet:

20.2 3.28 feet = 66.3

meters 1 meter feet

1

Depth of Height of the

the hull

66.3 feet

+stacked cargo

68.8 feet

=

43

68.8 feet

20.2 meters

44

Depth of Height of the

the hull

66.3 feet

+ stacked cargo

68.8 feet

=

135.1 feet

Will it clear the Gerald Desmond

Bridge which has 157 feet of

clearance?

YES!...but it is getting

pretty tight… 45

Vessel # 5

This is one of the largest vessels

currently in existence:

Length 320 m

Width 41 m

Depth 29 m

TEUs 7 high above rail

46

8.6 feet

8 feet

20 feet

What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

= 60.2 feet

1 1 TEU

47

We now have feet and meters.

We cannot combine unlike terms,

so…

feet:

29 meters 3.28 feet = 95.1 feet

1 1 meter

the hull

95.1 feet

+ stacked cargo

60.2 feet

=

48

Depth of Height of the

the hull

95.1 feet

+ stacked cargo

60.2 feet

=

155.3 feet

Will it clear the Gerald Desmond

Bridge?

At 157 feet of

clearance…

Eeeeeking by! Is it

worth the risk? 49

Check for Understanding

1)Think: What is one thing that

was different about this

example (vessel #5)?

2)Pair: Take turns telling your

partner what was different.

3)Share: One person will be called

on to share with the group.

50

Vessel # 6

Your turn:

problem in your

Length 327 m notes. Put the

total height on

Width 41.8 m your white board.

Depth 32.2 m

TEUs 6 high above rail

51

8.6 feet

8 feet

20 feet

= 51.6 feet

1 1 TEU

52

We now have feet and meters.

We cannot combine unlike terms,

so…

feet:

32.2 3.28 feet = 105.6

meters 1 meter feet

1

Depth of Height of the

the hull

105.6 feet

+ stacked cargo

51.6 feet

=

53

Depth of Height of the

the hull

105.6 feet

+ stacked cargo

51.6 feet

=

157.2 feet

Will it clear the Gerald Desmond

Bridge?

At 157 feet of

clearance…

NO! 54

Vessel # 7

The last two vessels barely passed under

the bridge. Let’s try an even bigger ship.

SX Class Vessel

Length 323.2 m

Width 43 m

Depth 38.8 m

TEUs 8,000 +

7 high above rail

55

8.6 feet

8 feet

20 feet

What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

= 60.2 feet

1 1 TEU

56

Let’s calculate one of the largest

vessels currently in existence:

feet:

39 meters 3.28 feet = 127.3

1 1 meter feet

the hull

127.3 feet

+ stacked cargo

60.2 feet

=

57

Depth of Height of the

the hull

127.9 feet

+ stacked cargo

60.2 feet

=

188.1 feet

Will it clear the Gerald Desmond

Bridge?

At 157 feet of

clearance…

NO! 58

Summary

used today to determine

whether or not a ship will be

able to pass under a bridge.

• Check your list with your

partner.

• Add any steps to your list that

you fell are missing.

59

Further Learning

and their effect on the passage

of ships under the Gerald Desmond Bridge

http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

• See “Tide Table Handout” or go to

above website for real time

information

Extreme low tide: -1.1 feet

Extreme high tide: 7.2 feet

60

Tide Changes

http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

Extreme High Tide: 7.2 feet

vessels under the Gerald Desmond Bridge?

7.2 feet…to 149.8 ft.

61

Tide Changes

http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

Extreme High Tide: 7.2 feet

Make a table to support your

claim.

62

Tide Changes

Passage

Height in Height added Effect of

Vessel # under bridge

feet to tide in feet passage

(157 feet)

121.9 same

Vessel #2 114.7 yes

139 same

Vessel #3 131.8 yes

142.3 same

Vessel #4 135.1 yes

Vessel #5 155.3 yes

164.4 same

Vessel #6 157.2 no

195.3 same

Vessel #7 188.1 no

63

Tide Changes

http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

Extreme High Tide: 7.2 feet

Vessel 5 would be affected

where is was not before.

Write a statement in your notes

describing the effect of high tide

on ships passing under a bridge.

64

Tide Changes

http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

Extreme High Tide: 7.2 feet

vessels under the Gerald Desmond Bridge?

Which vessels do you imagine would be

most affected? Why?

65

Answers Will Vary…

water. The heaviest vessels would be most

affected because they sit further below the

water line than a lighter ship.

66

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