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# Gerald Desmond

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Objective:

## Given real situational data, the

student will be able to calculate
the possibility of a ship’s
passage underneath the Gerald
Desmond bridge in the Port of
Long Beach.
Purpose:
• Proficiency on Algebra standards
• Proficiency on tests and quizzes
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Algebra 1 Content Standards
1.0 Students identify and use the arithmetic properties of
subsets of integers and rational, irrational, and real
numbers… where applicable.

## 25.0 Students use properties of the number system to judge

the validity of results, to justify each step of a procedure, and
to prove or disprove statements.
25.1 Students use properties of numbers to construct simple,
valid arguments (direct and indirect) for, or formulate
counterexamples to, claimed assertions.

## 25.2 Students judge the validity of an argument according to

whether the properties of the real number system and the
order of operations have been applied correctly at each step.
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The Port of Long Beach

## Gerald Desmond Bridge

Bridge Background

## Structural Type: Arch bridge / suspended deck

Function/usage: Road bridge connects the Ports of
Long Beach and Los Angeles with the I-710.
Span: 5,134 Ft.
Built: 1968 (replacing the previous pontoon bridge)
Length: 1,053 feet long
Highest point: 250 feet
**** 157 feet of clearance above the water
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The Challenge
• The primary channel leading to the
of the Port of Long Beach is spanned by
the Gerald Desmond Bridge.

## • The bridge was originally built (in 1968)

with plenty of clearance for shipping
vessels to pass underneath.

## • Today ships are being built larger and

larger…and the ability for ships to pass
underneath is becoming impossible for
some ships.

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The Challenge

## Today we will calculate whether

a ship can pass under the
Gerald Desmond bridge given
the ship’s dimensions.

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A typical ship’s dimensions:
Length – bow to stern
Width – widest part of the ship
Depth – height of the hull taken from the
lowest part under the water
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A typical ship’s dimensions:
Length – bow to stern
Width – widest part of the ship
Depth – height of the hull
TEUs – amount of 20 foot containers the ship
holds 10
The
height of
the ship’s
tower
What is still needed to determine
the total height of the ship?
Length – bow to stern
Width – widest part of the ship
Depth – height of the hull
TEUs – amount of 20 foot containers
the ship holds
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Let’s look at the height of the hull.
Length – bow to stern
Width – widest part of the ship
Depth – height of the hull
TEUs – amount of 20 foot containers the
ship holds 12
Depth – height of the hull

## It has two parts:

Under the water
Over the water
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Depth – height of the hull

## It has two parts:

Under the water ≈ tower height
Over the water
14
Depth – height of the hull

## It has two parts:

Under the water ≈ tower height
Over the water
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Therefore, the depth given is
approximately equal to the hull over
the water plus the height of the
tower.
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Length – bow to stern
Width – widest part of the ship
Depth – height of the hull over water
plus height of tower
TEUs – amount of 20 foot containers
the ship holds 17
Length – bow to stern
Width – widest part of the ship
Depth – height of the hull over water plus
height of tower
TEUs –TEUs
amount– what
of 20isfoot
a TEU?
containers
the ship holds 18
What is a TEU? 8.6 feet
Twenty
Equivalent 8 feet
Units. 20 feet
Two of them make up the load on a
standard semi truck:

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Now that we know the typical
dimensions of a ship,

## Length – bow to stern

Width – widest part of the ship
Depth – height of the hull over
water plus height of tower
TEUs – amount of 20 foot
containers the ship holds
Let’s calculate whether a ship
can pass under the Gerald
Desmond bridge.
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Vessel # 1
Ship Hanjin Amsterdam
Length 279 meters
Width 40 meters
n i s
Depth 14 meters
gi v e
TEUs 5,618 atio n the
o r m l a t e
t i n f a l c u
W h a t o c t ?
d e d e i g h
n e e a l h
tot
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Vessel # 1
Ship Hanjin Amsterdam
Length 279 meters
Width 40 meters
Depth 14 meters
TEUs 5,618
or how many
rows of TEUs

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5 TEUs

14 meters
What is the height of a TEU?

8.6 feet

8 feet
20 feet
What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

## 5 TEUs 8.6 feet

= 43 feet
1 1 TEU
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43 feet

14 meters

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We now have feet and meters.
We cannot combine unlike terms,
so…..

## Convert depth from meters to

feet:
14 meters 3.28 feet = 45.9
1 1 meter feet

## Depth of Height of the

the hull

45.9 feet
+ stacked cargo

43 feet
=
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Depth of Height of the
the hull

45.9 feet
+ stacked cargo

43 feet
=
88.9 feet
Will it clear the Gerald Desmond
Bridge which has 157 feet of
clearance?
YES!
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Vessel # 2
Ship Neptune Amber
Length 231 meters
Width 32.2 meters
Depth 12.5 meters
TEUs 2,314

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Vessel # 2

6 TEUs

Depth

29
What is the height of a TEU?

8.6 feet

8 feet
20 feet
What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

## 6 TEUs 8.6 feet

= 51.6 feet
1 1 TEU
30
51.6 feet

12.5 meters
We now have feet and meters.
We cannot combine unlike terms,
so…

## Convert depth from meters to

feet:
12.5 3.28 feet = 41 feet
meters 1 meter
1
Depth of Height of the
the hull

41 feet
+ stacked cargo

51.6 feet
=
32
Depth of Height of the
the hull

41 feet
+ stacked cargo

51.6 feet
=
92.6 feet
Will it clear the Gerald Desmond
Bridge which has 157 feet of
clearance?
YES!
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Check for Understanding

Thumbs up or down:
1)To determine whether a ship will
pass under a bridge, the length of
the ship is needed.
2)When calculating the total height
of the TEUs, the number of TEUs
stacked above the ship’s rail
must be counted.

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Vessel # 3
Ship Zim Atlantic
Length 253.7 m
Width 32.2 m
Depth 19.2 m
TEUs 3,429
Work out the
problem in your
notes. Put the
total height on
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8 TEUs
19.2 meters
8.6 feet

8 feet
20 feet
What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

## 8 TEUs 8.6 feet

= 68.8 feet
1 1 TEU
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68.8 feet
19.2 meters

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We now have feet and meters.
We cannot combine unlike terms,
so…..

## Convert depth from meters to

feet:
19.2 3.28 feet = 63 feet
meters 1 meter
1
Depth of Height of the
the hull

63 feet
+ stacked cargo

68.8 feet
=
39
Depth of Height of the
the hull

63 feet
+ stacked cargo

68.8 feet
=
131.8 feet
Will it clear the Gerald Desmond
Bridge which has 157 feet of
clearance?
YES!
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Vessel # 4
Ship MSC Texas Majuro
Length 321 m
Width 42.8 m
Depth 20.2 m
TEUs 8,238
Work out the
problem in your
notes. Put the
total height on
41
8 TEUs

20.2 meters
We now have feet and meters.
We cannot combine unlike terms,
so…

## Convert depth from meters to

feet:
20.2 3.28 feet = 66.3
meters 1 meter feet
1
Depth of Height of the
the hull

66.3 feet
+stacked cargo

68.8 feet
=
43
68.8 feet

20.2 meters

44
Depth of Height of the
the hull

66.3 feet
+ stacked cargo

68.8 feet
=
135.1 feet
Will it clear the Gerald Desmond
Bridge which has 157 feet of
clearance?
YES!...but it is getting
pretty tight… 45
Vessel # 5
This is one of the largest vessels
currently in existence:
Length 320 m
Width 41 m
Depth 29 m
TEUs 7 high above rail

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8.6 feet

8 feet
20 feet
What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

## 7 TEUs 8.6 feet

= 60.2 feet
1 1 TEU
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We now have feet and meters.
We cannot combine unlike terms,
so…

## Convert depth from meters to

feet:
29 meters 3.28 feet = 95.1 feet
1 1 meter

## Depth of Height of the

the hull

95.1 feet
+ stacked cargo

60.2 feet
=
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Depth of Height of the
the hull

95.1 feet
+ stacked cargo

60.2 feet
=
155.3 feet
Will it clear the Gerald Desmond
Bridge?
At 157 feet of
clearance…
Eeeeeking by! Is it
worth the risk? 49
Check for Understanding

## Think, pair, share:

1)Think: What is one thing that
example (vessel #5)?
2)Pair: Take turns telling your
partner what was different.
3)Share: One person will be called
on to share with the group.
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Vessel # 6

## Work out the

problem in your
Length 327 m notes. Put the
total height on
Width 41.8 m your white board.
Depth 32.2 m
TEUs 6 high above rail

51
8.6 feet

8 feet
20 feet

## 6 TEUs 8.6 feet

= 51.6 feet
1 1 TEU
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We now have feet and meters.
We cannot combine unlike terms,
so…

## Convert depth from meters to

feet:
32.2 3.28 feet = 105.6
meters 1 meter feet
1
Depth of Height of the
the hull

105.6 feet
+ stacked cargo

51.6 feet
=
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Depth of Height of the
the hull

105.6 feet
+ stacked cargo

51.6 feet
=
157.2 feet
Will it clear the Gerald Desmond
Bridge?
At 157 feet of
clearance…
NO! 54
Vessel # 7
The last two vessels barely passed under
the bridge. Let’s try an even bigger ship.

## Ship OOCL Long Beach

SX Class Vessel
Length 323.2 m
Width 43 m
Depth 38.8 m
TEUs 8,000 +
7 high above rail

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8.6 feet

8 feet
20 feet
What is the total height of the stacked TEUs?

## 7 TEUs 8.6 feet

= 60.2 feet
1 1 TEU
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Let’s calculate one of the largest
vessels currently in existence:

## Convert depth from meters to

feet:
39 meters 3.28 feet = 127.3
1 1 meter feet

## Depth of Height of the

the hull

127.3 feet
+ stacked cargo

60.2 feet
=
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Depth of Height of the
the hull

127.9 feet
+ stacked cargo

60.2 feet
=
188.1 feet
Will it clear the Gerald Desmond
Bridge?
At 157 feet of
clearance…
NO! 58
Summary

## • In your notes, list the steps

used today to determine
whether or not a ship will be
able to pass under a bridge.
• Check your list with your
partner.
you fell are missing.
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Further Learning

## Discussion and written summary for

and their effect on the passage
of ships under the Gerald Desmond Bridge

http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi
• See “Tide Table Handout” or go to
above website for real time
information
Extreme low tide: -1.1 feet
Extreme high tide: 7.2 feet
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Tide Changes
http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

## Extreme Low Tide: -1.1 feet

Extreme High Tide: 7.2 feet

## How would high tide affect the passage of

vessels under the Gerald Desmond Bridge?

## High Tide would shorten the clearance by

7.2 feet…to 149.8 ft.

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Tide Changes
http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

## Extreme Low Tide: -1.1 feet

Extreme High Tide: 7.2 feet

## Which vessels would be affected?

Make a table to support your
claim.

## Click to see a sample table

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Tide Changes

Passage
Height in Height added Effect of
Vessel # under bridge
feet to tide in feet passage
(157 feet)

## Vessel #1 92.6 yes 99.8 same

121.9 same
Vessel #2 114.7 yes

139 same
Vessel #3 131.8 yes

142.3 same
Vessel #4 135.1 yes

## 162.5 will not pass

Vessel #5 155.3 yes

164.4 same
Vessel #6 157.2 no

195.3 same
Vessel #7 188.1 no

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Tide Changes
http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

## Extreme Low Tide: -1.1 feet

Extreme High Tide: 7.2 feet

## Which vessels would be affected?

Vessel 5 would be affected
where is was not before.
Write a statement in your notes
describing the effect of high tide
on ships passing under a bridge.
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Tide Changes
http://www.saltwatertides.com/cgi-local/california.cgi

## Extreme Low Tide: -1.1 feet

Extreme High Tide: 7.2 feet

## How would low tide affect the passage of

vessels under the Gerald Desmond Bridge?
Which vessels do you imagine would be
most affected? Why?

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