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from the Arabic word SALEMA which means peace, purity, acceptance and commitment in religious sense, Islam

means submission to the will of God and obedience to His laws

derived

who accepts freely and willingly the supreme power of God and strives for a total reorganization of his life according to revealed teachings of God

one

last prophet and messenger unlettered man who could not read or write

Gods

last

revealed Word of God basic source of Islamic teachings and laws basis of creeds, morality, history of humanity, worship, knowledge, wisdom, God-man relationship and human relationship in all aspect

construction

of

mosque Fraternization of the emigrants and the helper

Succeeded

in conquering the whole of the Arabia Trained thousands of his companion

It

was purely a religious state Its belief in fraternity in accordance with the famous verse of the Holy Quran

Its

belief in liberty Its belief in justice Its belief in responsibility Its practised toleration

Poor-rate Tithe Capitation

Land State

Tax

tax

Lands Booty

prayer Pay Zakat Enjoin good upon the people and to restrain them from committing wrong

Establish

to the first system of government established in Islam

refers

head

of the state Commander of the Believers

Its

belief in liberty Its belief in justice Its belief in responsibility Its practised toleration

ELECTION SYSTEM IN ISLAM


The

principle of hereditary succession was scrupulously avoided Only prominent companion could stand for election

QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS
Literacy In

case the country has not sufficiently developed literacy, the voters will be divided into two categories: Intelligence Approachable character

DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CALIPH


Protect

Islam and promote its

cause Appoint impartial Kadis and preachers Sent the message of Islam in foreign countries through the appointment preachers

DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CALIPH


Made

peace and enter into defensive alliances with foreign powers Guarding of the frontiers of State

CALIPH AND THE EXECUTIVE

was the highest Executive Head of the State

Caliph

LEGISLATION AND THE CALIPH

executor

of the Divine Law

LEGISLATION AND THE CALIPH the sources of Law during the Pious Caliphate were three: the Quran the Traditions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad the Ijma.

CALIPH AND JUDICIARY


Three

categories of crimes according to the Islamic conception: Crimes against God Crimes against man Crimes against the State

FOUR ELEMENTS OF THE STATE


Territory Population Organization Sovereignty

MILITARY ORGANIZATION

Regular

soldiers who were stationed in the military cantonments built for them in every province

MILITARY ORGANIZATION Volunteers who were also given military training, but received a smaller amount of allowance from the state to requisitioned when necessity arose.

PERSONNEL OF THE PROVINCES Wali (Governor) Katib (Chief Secretary) Katib al-Diwan (Chief Secretary of the Army Secretariat) Sahib al-Kharhraj (Collector of the Revenue)

PERSONNEL OF THE PROVINCES Sahib

al-Ahdath (Officer of the police) Sahibi-Bait al Mal (Treasury Officer) Qadi (Judge)

CLASSES OF NEW ISLAMIC SOCIETY Muslim Non

- Muslims Slaves

3 contributions that may be said to constitute the historical legacy of Islam to the Philippines and the Filipino people
Sense

of national unity A sense of continuing struggle against injustice A sense of just peace.

If we are to accept the pattern of history, Islam must be recognized as a positive factor or force in the pursuit of peace and unity by the State.

The sooner the nation and the government recognize this fact the better it is for the future of the country as a whole.

We must continue to destroy the prejudices of the past and begin to remake the history of the Filipino people without the social barrier that tend to divide us.