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CTs are used in determining the line current.

The primary winding is connected in series with the conductor leads and the secondary leads are connected to the current coil of the meter. The current transformers usually have a secondary side ampacity of 5A. The marked ratio of a CT is the ratio of primary current to secondary current.

Before the CT and VT ratios can be determined, the following information is needed:
i. ii. iii.

Customers reserve capacity Supply voltage Customers transformer configuration if high-voltage meter

Reserve Capacity = 3 xSupplyVoltage

Example Customer Reserve Capacity= 365kVA Supply Voltage=12000V


IL

365000 = 3 x12000

= 17.56A This represents the current in the primary of the CT

CT ratios for LV Metering 200:5 400:5

CT ratios for HV Metering 25:5 50:5 100:5 150:5 200:5 300:5

From the example CT with the ratio of 25:5 would be chosen The rating factor of CT is also noted.

VT are only used for Metering on the HV.

If a four-wire metering unit is used, the reference wire used is the neutral wire, this would result in phase voltages being imposed on the voltage transformer. For the three-wire metering units, the reference wire used is a live phase and as such phase-to-phase voltages would be imposed on the voltage transformer.

Example Supply voltage =12000V Primary is 4W star The phase voltages would be measured Phase voltage=6900V Therefore, 3VTs would be required. VT with a ratio of 7200:120 would be chosen.

Supply voltage characteristic 6.6 kV (3-wire) 12 kV (4-wire) 12 kV (3-wire) 33 kV (3-wire) 66 kV (3-wire) 132 kV (3-wire)

VTR used 7200:120 7200:120 12000:120 33000:110 66000:110 132000:110

The value of the current to be measured would determine the type of meter to be used.

Less than 200A- Non transformer type 201-500A- Low-Voltage Meter Installation, CT metering is to be done. Above 500A- Three-phase 115/230V, and 230/400V installation requiring over 500A are to be metered at high-voltage (Metering Units)

Form

Wires

Circuit

Class

1S
2S 16S

2
3 4

115V, 1
115/230V 1 115/230V 230/400 3

200
200 200

Form

Wires

Class

Circuit

Customer Reserve Capacity 50-80kVA 50-138kVA 80-199kVA

16S

200

115/230 3 Delta 230/400V 3 Star

10A (Used if IL > 500A)

20

115/230 3 Delta 230/400V 3 Star

80-350kVA

Form

Wires

Class

Circuit

Customer Reserve Capacity Exceeding 350kVA and less than 4000kVA

10A

200

6.6kV/12kV/ 33kV/66kV

Availability For domestic use Character of Service Single phase: 2-wires or 3-wires 115/230 volts Billed on energy consumed (kWh).

Maximum demand of 50kVA. Single phase: 3-wires 115/230 volts Three phases: 4-wires 115/230 volts or 230/400 volts Three phases: 6.6, 12 kilovolts Billed on energy consumed (kWh).

Maximum demand greater than 50kVA but not exceeding 350 kVA. Single phase: 3-wires 115/230 volts Three phases: 4-wires 115/230 volts or 230/400 volts Three phases: 6.6, 12, 33 kilovolts Billed on energy consumed (kWh). Meter Used: Form 9s, 10A, 16S

Maximum demand greater than 50kVA but not exceeding 350 kVA. Three phases: 4-wires 115/230 volts or 230/400 volts Three phases: 6.6, 12, 33 kilovolts Billed on energy consumed (kWh) and demand (kVA). Meter Used: Form 9s, 10A, 16S

Maximum demand greater than 350kVA but not exceeding 4000 kVA. Three phases: 6.6, 12, 33, 66 kilovolts Billed on energy consumed (kWh) and demand (kVA). Meter Used: Form 9s, 10A, 16S

Maximum demand greater than 4,000 kVA but not exceeding 25,000 kVA. Three phases: 6.6, 12, 33, 66 kilovolts Billed on energy consumed (kWh) and demand (kVA). Meter Used: Form 9s, 10A, 16S

Sixty (60) Hertz Alternating current Maximum demand exceeding 25,000 kVA. Energy Usage less than 25,000,000 kWh per month. Three phases: 66, 132 kilovolts Billed on energy consumed (kWh) and demand (kVA).

Maximum demand greater than exceeding 25,000 kVA. Energy Usage greater than 100,000,000 kWh per month. Three phases: 66, 132 kilovolts Billed on energy consumed (kWh) and demand (kVA).