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PROJECT ON HIGH FREQUENCY REMOTE SYSTEM FOR ELECTRIC APPLIANCE

SUBMITTED BY:-

MR. NITISH KUMAR SINGH

INTRODUCTION

A Remote Control is a component of an electronics device, most commonly a television set, DVD player and home theater systems originally used for operating the television device wirelessly from a short line-of-sight distance. Remote control has continually evolved and advanced over recent years to include Bluetooth connectivity, motion sensor enabled capabilities and voice control.

The earliest examples of remote control was developed in 1898 by Nikola Tesla, he demonstrated a radio-controlled boat to the public during an electrical exhibition at Madison Square Garden. Tesla called his boat a "teleautomaton.

In 1903, Leonardo Torres Quevedo guiding a boat from the shore. Later, he would try to apply the Telekino to projectiles and torpedoes, but had to abandon the project for lack of financing.

In the 1980s Steve Wozniak of Apple started a company named CL 9. The purpose

of this company was to create a remote control that could operate multiple

AIM OF THE PROJECT

The aim of this project is to design a system for conducting data


transfer through high frequency signal. This system is based on transmission and reception of High frequency signal. High frequency is a term that refers to alternating current (AC)

having characteristics such that, if the current is input to an Antenna, an


Electromagnetic (EM) Field is generated suitable for Wireless broadcasting and or communications. These frequencies cover significant portion of the Electromagnetic Radiation Spectrum,

extending from nine kilohertz (9 kHz),the lowest allocated wireless


communications frequency (it's within the range of human hearing), to thousands of gigahertz(GHz).

WORKING OF PROJECT

Here we are using a high frequency transmitter for controlling the


equipments there are four equipment that can be controlled through this remote transmitter, so four different frequencies are using for controlling the switching of the equipments by the RF transmitter ,when the RF receiver which is connected to the microcontroller AT89c51 receives this frequencies it will convert the frequency information into digital data and applied it to the controller pins ,microcontroller read this information and

follow the instructions stored in it . Thus it perform the switching of the


equipment Successfully .

PLATFORM USED
SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

Assembler of ATMEL microcontroller series PADS for PCB designing HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

Microcontroller AT89C51 LM7805 Regulator Power Supply Resistors Capacitors Transistors LEDs Diode Connectors Relays

AT89C51 MICROCONTROLLER
The AT89C51 is a low-power, high performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer

with 4K bytes of Flash programmable


and erasable read only memory (PEROM), 128 bytes of RAM, 32 I/O lines, two 16-bit timer/counters, a five vector two-level interrupt architecture, a full duplex serial port, on-chip oscillator and clock circuitry.

PIN DESCRIPTION
VCC Supply voltage. GND Ground. Port 0 Port 0 is an 8-bit open-drain bi-directional I/O port. As an output port, each pin can sink eight TTL inputs. When 1s are written to port 0 pins, the pins can be used as high impedance inputs. Port 1 Port 1 is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull ups. The Port 1 output buffers can sink/source four TTL inputs. When 1s are written to Port 1 pins they are pulled high by the internal pull ups and can be used as inputs. As inputs, Port 1 pins that are externally being pulled low will source current (IIL) because of the internal pull ups. Port 2 Port 2 is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull ups. The Port 2 output buffers can sink/source four TTL inputs. When 1s are written to Port 2 pins they are pulled high by the internal pull ups and can be used as inputs.

CONTINUE.
Port 3 Port 3 is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull ups. The Port 3 output buffers can sink/source four TTL inputs. When 1s are written to Port 3 pins they are pulled high by the internal pull ups and can be used as inputs. As inputs, Port 3 pins that are externally being pulled low will source current (IIL) because of the pull ups. RST Reset input. A high on this pin for two machine cycles while the oscillator is running resets the device. ALE/PROG Address Latch Enable output pulse for latching the low byte of the address during accesses to external memory. This pin is also the program pulse input (PROG) during Flash programming. In normal operation ALE is used for external timing or clockinput purposes. PSEN Program Store Enable is the read strobe to external program memory. When the AT89C51 is executing code from external program memory, PSEN is activated twice each machine cycle, except that two PSEN activations are skipped during each access to external data memory.

CONTINUE.
EA/VPP External Access Enable. EA must be strapped to GND in order to enable the device to fetch code from external program memory locations starting at 0000H up to FFFFH. However, that if lock bit 1 is programmed, EA will be internally latched on reset. EA should be strapped to VCC for internal program executions. This pin also receives the 12-volt programming enable voltage(VPP) during Flash programming, for parts that require 12-volt VPP.

XTAL1 Input to the inverting oscillator amplifier and input to the internal clock operating circuit.
XTAL2 Output from the inverting oscillator amplifier.

DEVICES DEMO

Diode(1N4007)

Max. Forward Voltage: Max. Reverse Voltage:

1.0V 1000V

CAPACITORS & TRANSISTORS

Electrolytic Capacitors

Ceramic Capacitors

BC547 Transistor

LM7805 Voltage Regulator


A LM7805 ends with "05"; thus, it outputs 5 volts. LM78XX: Voltage regulators that output positive voltage, "XX"=voltage output. LM79XX: Voltage regulators that output negative voltage, "XX"=voltage output

The LM7805, like most other regulators, is a three-pin IC. Pin 1 (Input Pin): The Input pin is the pin that accepts the incoming DC voltage, which the voltage regulator will eventually regulate down to 5 volts. Pin 2 (Ground): Ground pin establishes the ground for the regulator. Pin 3 (Output Pin): The Output pin is the regulated 5 volts DC.

SPDT RELAY

LED

XTAL OSCILATTOR

USAGE
Industry
Remote control is used for controlling substations, pump storage power stations . Military IED jamming systems, Radio jamming, Electronic warfare. The distances for military remote controls also tend to be much longer, up to intercontinental distance satellite linked remote controls used by the U.S. for their unmanned airplanes (drones) in Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistan. Remote controls are used by insurgents in Iraq and Afghanistan to attack coalition and government troops with roadside IEDs. The resistance in Iraq is reported in the media to use modified TV remote controls to detonate the bombs.

Military history
In World War I, the Imperial German Navy employed FL-boats (Fernlenkboote) against coastal shipping. These were driven by internal combustion engines, and controlled remotely from a shore station through several miles of wire wound on a spool on the boat. The Soviet Red Army used remotely controlled tele tanks during World War II. A teletank is controlled by radio

Space Remote control technology is also used in space travel, for instance the Soviet Lunokhod vehicles were remote-controlled from the ground. Many space exploration rovers can be remotely controlled. Video games

Video game consoles had not used wireless controllers until recently, mainly because of
the difficulty involved in playing the game while keeping the infrared transmitter pointed at the console. The first official wireless game controller made by a first party manufacturer was the Wave Bird for Nintendo GameCube. In the current generation of gaming consoles, wireless controllers are now standard. Some wireless controllers, such as the Sony PS3 and Nintendo Wi-Fi, use Bluetooth. Others, like the Xbox 360, use proprietary wireless protocols.

PC control
Existing infrared remote controls can be used to control PC applications. Any application that supports shortcut keys can be controlled via IR remote controls from other home devices (TV, VCR, AC). This is widely used with multimedia applications for PC based

CIRCUIT SHOW OFF

Power Supply Section > Microcontroller Sec. > Transceiver Sec. > Relay Sec.

CONCLUSION
In this competitive corporate world every organization wants to improve the

efficiency as well as its productivity. To improve the efficiency of organization,


automation is a preferred solution. This system is based on high frequency remote control it control any equipment remotely at high frequency (30-50MHz), through remote we can switch the device through a distant place .Now here is no need to go to switch board and switching the devices on and off, one can easily perform this switching from

anywhere. It ease the man power pressure.