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BAB 5

WASTE edit Master subtitle Click to WATER TREATMENT style

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LABORATORY TEST FOR WASTE WATER

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LABORATORY TEST PRINCIPAL FOR WASTE WATER

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DIFFERENTIAL BETWEEN COD & BOD TEST


BOD TEST

COD TEST

Biochemical Oxygen Demand

Chemical Oxygen Demand

Decompose biodegradable organic Decompose biodegradable organic materials materials and not biodegradable

Use oxidizing microorganisms

Use a strong chemical agents Not affected by the toxic take time 2 hours Accuracy of 2% 4/29/12

Influenced by temperature

Take 3-5 days Accuracy of 10%

REQUIREMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT RELATED WITH SEWAGE & WASTE WATER


i. ii.

Regulation regarding Environment Quality Act Environmnet Impact Assessement (EIA) report

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i.

ENVIRONMENT QUALITY ACT


According to Malaysia's Environmental Law, ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT, 1974, the Malaysia Environmental Quality (Sewage and Industrial Effluents) Regulations, 1979, 1999, Parameter Unit Standard A B 2000: (1) (2) (3) (4)
(i) Temperature (ii) pH Value (iii) BOD5 at 20C (iv) COD (v) Suspended Solids (vi) Mercury (vii) Cadmium (viii) Chromium, Hexavalent (ix) Arsenic (x) Cyanide (xi) Lead (xii) Chormium, Trivalent (xiii) Copper (xiv) Manganese (xv) Nickel (xvi) Tin (xvii) Zinc (xviii) Boron (xix) Iron (Fe) (xx) Phenol (xxi) Free Chlorine (xxii) Sulphide (xxiii) Oil and Grease mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l C 40 6.0 - 9.0 20 50 50 0.005 0.01 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.001 1.0 0.50 Not detectable 40 5.5 - 9.0 50 100 100 0.05 0.02 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 4.0 5.0 1.0 2.0 0.50 10

PARAMETER LIMITS OF EFFLUENT OF STANDARDS A AND B

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ii.

ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESSEMENT (EIA)


The objectives ofenvironmental impact assessment are:
To examine and select the best from the project options available; To identify and incorporate into the project plan appropriate abatement and mitigating measures; To predict significant residual environmental impacts; To determine the significant residual environmental impacts predicted; and To identify the environmental costs and benefits of the project to the community.
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The steps in the EIA procedure are as follows:

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PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT


precipitate

the suspended solids which can not be eliminated in the primary treatment consists of fine solids decompose and thus stabilize the dissolvable organic materials that are not eliminated in the primary treatment oxidize nitrogen components contained in the wastewater to a simpler form such as nitrate or nitrite through the nitrification process
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WASTE WATER & SEWAGE TREATMENT

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A.

OXIDATION POND @ WASTE WATER STABILIZATION POND is a natural method for waste water

treatment Stabilization ponds consist of shallow manmade basins comprising a single or several series of

Anaerobic ponds Facultative ponds Maturation ponds (Aerobic) Aerated lagoon


Lagun Terudara Tercampur Sempurna Lagun Terudara Tercampur Sebahagian
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WASTE WATER TREATMENT PROCESS

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B.

TRICKLING

PROCESS RELATED OVERFLOW BIO TOWERS SCREENING


FILTERS

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C.

ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS


(PROSES RAWATAN ENAP CEMAR)

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D.

INDIVIDUAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT UNIT

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METHOD OF SLUDGE DISPOSAL


(PELUPUSAN KUMBAH KELUAR)

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CATEGORY OF SLUDGE

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A heterotroph is an organism that cannot fix carbon and uses organic carbon for growth. This contrasts with autotrophs, such as plants and algae, which can use energy from sunlight ( photoautotrophs)

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