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FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT

FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Prepared by: Adam Haziq Shahrezza Jeffry Fadhil Laudhin Muhd

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Prepared by:

Adam Haziq

Shahrezza Jeffry Fadhil Laudhin Muhd Ghulam Jonny Engkal

  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a theory of psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his paper 1943 “A Theory of Human Motivation”.

  • This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other needs.

WHAT IS MEAN BY HIERARCHY????

WHAT IS MEAN BY HIERARCHY????  Hierarchy is a system organization in which people or things
  • Hierarchy is a system organization in which people or things are divided into levels of importance.

  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is most often

displayed as a pyramid.

  • According to the hierarchy of needs, a person has five fundamental needs:

physiological, security, affiliation, esteem,

and self-actualization.

PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS

PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS  These include the most basic needs that are vital to survival, such as
  • These include the most basic needs that are vital to survival, such as the need for water, air, food and sleep.

  • Maslow believed that these needs are the most basic and instinctive needs in the hierarchy because all needs become secondary until these physiological needs are come together.

  • In employees perspective, a working environment,

salary that assures that these needs are satisfied

can positively influence the employees.

SAFETY NEEDS

SAFETY NEEDS  This group of need covers personally safety, employment security, health and property. 
  • This group of need covers personally safety, employment security, health and property.

  • This segment is very important. If employee is not feel safe in the future of his job, his morale will decrease.

  • Furthermore, if employee feels that his health and life are not safe at work, than it is not reasonable to expect the optimal performance of such employee. The employer needs to take care about basic safety elements, in order to satisfy employee safety needs.

SOCIAL NEEDS

SOCIAL NEEDS  This group contains the need of belonging to group, family and sexual contact.
  • This group contains the need of belonging to group, family and sexual contact.

  • From perspective of employer, building of friendly environment that builds the team spirit is the way of

satisfying this need of employees. That will raise

employee’s satisfaction.

ESTEEM NEEDS

ESTEEM NEEDS  It covers self-esteem, achievements, self- confidence and mutual respect.  The employee that
  • It covers self-esteem, achievements, self-

confidence and mutual respect.

  • The employee that is appreciated and that appreciate others, the one that feel that his work is contributing to the company and his career will be

motivated in his job.

SELF-ACTUALIZATION NEEDS

SELF-ACTUALIZATION NEEDS  This levels contains the morale, creativity, openness and clear mildness. In other words,
  • This levels contains the morale, creativity, openness and clear mildness. In other words, the potential or capibilities available to some employees.

  • People who strive for self-actualization accept themselves and use their abilities to the fullest and most creative extent in order to achieve the goals in the organization.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR LISTENING

THANK YOU FOR YOUR LISTENING “Strive Towards Excellence”
THANK YOU FOR YOUR LISTENING “Strive Towards Excellence”

“Strive Towards Excellence”