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THE 6th ‘STATE OF STATES’ REPORT-2008

Study by
Bibek Debroy & Laveesh Bhandari

Presented by
Ankur Gupta, Deepa Nayak & Siddhartha Dutta
Indicus Analytics Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
THE SIXTH ‘STATE OF
STATES’ REPORT-2008

• A STUDY CONDUCTED BY ‘INDICUS


ANALYTICS’ FOR ‘INDIA TODAY’

• RANKINGS OF THE STATES

• WHERE ARE THE STATES HEADING?


 SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROGRESS

 ECONOMIC GROWTH
FOCUS AREAS
• Agriculture
• Consumer Market
• Education
• Health
• Law & Order
• Infrastructure
• Investment
• Macro-Economy
Methodology
• Two Approaches
- Subjective
- Objective

• Classification of States
Large States
 Population > 5 Million AND
 Area > 35,000 sq.kms
Small States
 Population < 5 Million OR
 Area < 35,000 sq.kms
 Delhi and Puducherry
• Union Territories
Methodology contd…..

• Normalization of Variables
- Why?
- How?

• Construction of Indices
- Higher the index value, better the
performance.
AGRICULTURE

• Food grain LEADERS


yield • Punjab
• Area under • Haryana
Cash crops • Tamil Nadu
• Agriculture
GSDP LAGGARDS
• Loans to • Jharkhand
agriculture • Assam
• Irrigated to • Chhattisgarh
sown area
Source: www.indicus.net
Consumer Markets

• No. of Rural households LEADERS


spending more than Rs 690 • Punjab
per person per month • Himachal
• No. of Urban households Pradesh
spending more than Rs 930
• Haryana
per person per month
• Bank deposits
• TV ownership LAGGARDS
• Two wheelers • Bihar
ownership • Orissa
• Jharkhand
Source: www.indicus.net
Education

LEADERS
• Literacy rate
• Himachal
• Children Pradesh
completing primary
schooling • Kerala
• Gender gap in • Uttarakhand
enrolment at
elementary level LAGGARDS
• Pupil-Teacher ratio • Bihar
• Expenditure on • Uttar Pradesh
elementary • Jharkhand
education
Source: www.indicus.net
Law and Order
LEADERS
• Police strength
• Kerala
• Pending to total • Tamil Nadu
cases in courts
• Karnataka
• Incidence of murder
• Incidence of LAGGARDS
kidnapping • Uttar Pradesh
• Incidence of rape & • Bihar
molestations • Uttarakhand
Source: www.indicus.net
Health
• IMR LEADERS
• Births assisted by • Tamil Nadu
skilled personnels • Kerala
• Access to safe • Himachal
drinking water Pradesh
• Number of health
personnels LAGGARDS
• Sex ratio • Uttar Pradesh
• Expenditure on • Bihar
health and family • Chhattisgarh
welfare
Source: www.indicus.net
Infrastructure

LEADERS
• Households
Electrified • Punjab
• Habitations • Himachal
connected to Pradesh
pucca roads • Kerala
• Total Road
Lengths LAGGARDS
• Bank Branches • Jharkhand
• Post Offices • Bihar
• Tele Density • Chhattisgarh
Source: www.indicus.net
Investment
Environment
• State GDP spent on LEADERS
administration • Himachal
• Per capita capital Pradesh
expenditure • Gujarat
• Commercial bank • Punjab
credit
• Gross capital LAGGARDS
formation • Bihar
• Industrial disputes • West Bengal
• Industrial sickness • Orissa
Source: www.indicus.net
MACRO-ECONOMY
LEADERS
• State’s capital
• Punjab
expenditure
• Himachal
• Total debt liabilities Pradesh
• Urbanization • Haryana
• Inflation
• Poverty LAGGARDS
• Bihar
• Orissa
• Uttar Pradesh
Source: www.indicus.net
OVERALL PERFORMANCE
LEADERS
• PUNJAB
• MIZORAM
• CHANDIGARH

LAGGARDS
• BIHAR
• MEGHALAYA
• D&N HAVELI
HOW THE RANKING WAS
DONE FOR THE
CONSTITUENCIES?
• Ranking done for all 543 parliamentary constituencies.

• Various socio-economic and infrastructure related


parameters were available at the district level from ‘
Indicus – Indian Development Landscape’ .

• Socio Economic Parameters:


- Female Literacy, Primary Completion Rates
- Poverty Rate, Marginal Workers
- Immunization of children, Underweight children

• Infrastructure Parameters
- Electrified Households, Households with telephones,
Connectivity to pucca roads
HOW THE RANKING WAS DONE
FOR THE CONSTITUENCIES?

• Mapping of districts with Parliamentary


constituencies USING Delimitation
Commission data
Thanks!

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