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Family values in Vietnam past & present

Group 7: L Hng c
Thu Trang Nghim Th Tuyt V Ngc Tn Nguyn Th Chuyn

Outline
I- Introduction

II- Definition & Background


III- Features of Traditional Family IV- Family values nowadays V-Conclusion

Every family should have got one or two children only

For several people, this actually means family planning!!

Question: Do the system of values change over time or still stay the same? And if changeable, how it come to?

Location: northern areas of Vietnam

II. Definitions & Background

1. Cultural identity in Vietnam


a.Cultural identity Cultural identity is the identity of a group orculture, or of an individual as far as one is influenced by one's belongin to a group or culture b. Culural identity of Vietnam war building and protecting country ancestor worship Cultural exchange

2. Traditional family value


Traditional family values, or family values, is "a political and social concept or term that has been used in various nations across the world to describe a set of moral beliefs in society specifically in response to the perception by social or religious conservative of declining morality within that nation itself

Promotion of "traditional marriage" Support for a traditional role for women in the family. Support for traditional education and parental involvement in that education Support for policies that are said to protect children from exploitation

2.Traditional family value


Family values are the foundation for how children grow, are taught and supported. Traditional family values that fall under the love task include all our relationships.

III. Features of Vietnamese traditional family

1. The size of traditional family


- the open nuclear family: many generations live together in land of their ancestors.

2. The structure of traditional family


the father: -providing food, shelter and money for the family - made all of the important decisions. the mother: - raising the children, preparing the food and keeping the household in order - no right to participate in family decision making the children have to obey their parentand thier elders

2. The structure of traditional family


the family in Vietnam includes more people than just nuclear family: - the husbands parents and the sons wives and children... - the close relatives who share the family name and the ancestors who live in the same community

3. Relationships in tranditional family


Husband-wife: - marrige is mostly based on the purpose of maintaining race and economic development. - Faith and compassion are the main factors husband-wife piety. - The conflict between them rooted by the behaviour of wife toward the husband's family

3. Relationships in Traditional family


Parents - children: - Parents have to train their children. - the most important lession is filial piety: consists of loving, respecting, and obeying ones parents. - children have to pay more attention to their behaviour due to their sharing the honor and fame of family - children have to take care thier old parents and worship when they die

3. Relationships in traditional family


Sibling relationship: - young siblings have to respect and obey the older ones. - the oldest brother is the leader of siblings and substitute for their parent in emergency

3. Relationships in traditional family


within exented family: - the higher position persons in the exented family have to be respected by the lower position ones. - They are expected to give one another moral and material assistance, especially in time of stress. the living and the dead: the living have to worship the dead to show their respect and love.

4. Functions of Vietnamese traditional family


1. Economics - Independent economic unit, self-sufficent -The father plays important role, totally control the family economy

4. Functions of Vietnamese traditional family


2. Reproduction -Reproduce function: family have many children and promote the role of man.

4. Functions of Vietnamese traditional family


3. Education - Most of family education related to ethics and good way of life - The evaluation of society towards success of family bases on children - The father educates their children by tough methods while mother does the opposite ways (clemency)

5. Other features
Family is the key milestone that determine the development of culture Worship to previous generations, ancestors is advanced to filiat piety The leader of family take responsibility for all things done by family members

5. Other features
Family is considered as the key element to maintain the ethics of society Each family member is binding by law,customs, morals, etc In term of marriage and couple relationship: Parents determine and their son/daughter have to follow

IV. How the family values changes today

Changes in definition
Western area: Family is the marriage with registration or non registration. Eastern area: Family is the gather of people living together basing on the married relationship recognized by law and blood-relations.

Homogeneous marriage

Cohabiting couple

Vietnamese family is modern family???


Modern family standards - Developed industry - Urbanized living of population - High civilized urban Vietnamese family is considered transitional family.

Vietnamese nuclear family

The advantage and defect of nuclear family


-

Advantages Better adaptation to social changes. Independence in economic relation. Adultery and second wife issues are heavy criticized by society. Supply free space to develop personal freedom. Defects The space separation, much more time for working and outside activities, also the difference in personalities restrains mutual support in material and spiritual aspects. Less effect between generation.

Changes in role of members


Parents son/daughter relation - The equality in husband and wife relationship. - The equality in treatment to son and daughter: the equality inheritance for son/daughter, Moral standards - Right and wrong ideas and behaviors released clearly and strongly right to fight against-> more awareness of democracy in family. - Many quarrels or even conflicts between members emerge. - Lose gradually the traditional perception of ancestor and family value.

Child production function - Agree with great number of children family: 18,6% (old people) 6,6% (18 - 60 ages) 2,8% (teenagers) - Agree with son production is compulsory 37% (18 60 ages) 45,5% ( the lowest income level)

26% (the highest income level) 63% disagree with the idea Education - Children have freedom in marriage and chosing paths to the future. - Male and female are supplied the same edcuated levels and get same hope from other people. However, girls are still in tighter control or stricter supervision than boys.

Vn ny k cn thit v lin quan n topic cho lm, xa slide ny i nh

Meals in Vietnamese family


Tet Holiday: Earth Cake: available in the market and supermarket. no need to pack by themselves. Mid-Autumn Festival: Moon Cake: many games and toys for the children, not only traditional toys such as decorative multi-colored lanterns. den cu( turning lamp with shade decorated with paper cut figures), star shaped lamp... Better conditions higher material condition than spiritual condition. Meals at home nowadays are more important for every family. It connects members, help express feelings and emotions.

V. Conclusion
A tendency to later marriage: growth in average age at first marriage + 2009: 26.2 years old for men; 23 for women + 2000: 25.4 for men and 22.8 for women (source: General Office for Population Family Planning) Greater participation of married women in the labor force Tet still regarded as the most important occasion of the year in Vietnam for family reunion, along the celebration of Western New Year => necessary for the youth to maintain the traditions together with adapting to other cultural integration!!

Thank you for your attention

Q&A

References
PhD Nguyen Thi Thuong, 1999, Gia inh Vietnam hien nay: truyen thong hay hien dai?, from http://fpe.hnue.edu.vn/index.php?showpost=819 . Nguyen Le Hieu Mai, 2011, Gia inh Vietnam hien nay Tu goc nhin van hoa, from http://lientusiroma.org/showthread.php?129-Gia%C4%91%C3%ACnh-Vi%E1%BB%87t-Nam-hi%E1%BB%87n-nayT%E1%BB%AB-g%C3%B3c-nh%C3%ACn-v%C4%83n-h%C3%B3a . Vietnam tourism, 2008, Vietnamese traditional family values!, from http://www.vietnamtourism.org.vn/news/vietnamese-traditional-familyvalues.html . Wil - Travel, The Vietnamese Value System, from http://www.wiltravel.com/en/Vietnam-Culture/vietnam-culture.php . Lam Ngoc Nhu Truc, Cong nghiep hoa va su bien doi cua gia dinh Vietnam, from http://www.hids.hochiminhcity.gov.vn/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=0fa5 7c51-47ee-4894-b75c-bf3bad3481ce&groupId=13025 .

Ti ngh conclusion nn th ny: nhc li nhng thay i 1 cch tm tt v a ra suggestion thi, k phi solution. In conclusion, there are some typical changes of traditional family in Vietnam as follows: Firstly, the size of Vietnamese family is small; nuclear families become popular. This trend is common when the speed of industrialization-modernization is increasing. Secondly, many functions of the family have changed. For example, family leaves the whole work of educating children for schools and other social services; the economic function of families are shifting from "production" to "consumption. Thirdly, the relations among family members become not tight. Fourthly, the role and position of women in the family and society are improved. These changes lead to many complicated problems and conflicts between views on traditional and modern values and between the old and young generations in Vietnamese society. Therefore, to resolve conflicts and "build prosperous family, equality, progress, happiness ..." (Resolution of the Communist Party of Viet Nam's second X), we need to promote good morals of traditional family in our new modern society and ensure the rights of every individual in family. In addition we need to focus on some of the following problems: having the best solutions to building families; supporting household economy, educating to improve people's intellectual; make a family reunion; have a strong attachment to family members; further the poverty-alleviation movement; practise birth-control; strengthening the implementation of the system social policy for family policy; propagandize, disseminate knowledge about gender to create Equality of gender in the family and society